Commercial notebook from Uzundzhovo

The fair (from pan – everything and agueiro – collect) is a temporary and regularly held auction, which differs from the market in its duration, participating traders and offered goods. During the Renaissance, the fair, unlike the weekly market, was aligned not with the Muslim Friday prayer, but with the Christian calendar and its holidays. This kind of fairs were held on the Bulgarian lands even before the Ottoman invasion, but the flourishing of fair trade was associated with economic changes in the 18th and the first half of the 19th century. With the growth of production, domestic and international trade, annual fairs are increasingly turning from local and regional centers into marketplaces of national significance. The big fairs follow each other throughout the year: Syar - February; Bat – May; Sliven – June; Plovdiv – July; Neurokop (born Gotse Delchev) – August; Uzundzhovo – September; Petrich  – November. In addition to being a place for active trade, the fairs provide an opportunity for meeting Bulgarians from different parts of the national territory, the economic and political elite of the Renaissance society gather here - merchants, craftsmen, writers, revolutionaries. Books and textbooks are distributed, contacts are made, important public issues are discussed, conspiracies against the Sultan are born. In this way, the fairs fit not only in the economic, but also in the cultural and political history of Bulgaria at that time.

The Uzundzhovsky fair stands out as the largest fair on our lands before the Liberation. Towards the end of the summer, up to 50 people gather in the Haskovo village of the same name, located on the important trade route to Constantinople, and the turnover in the strongest years reaches 000 million groszy. With its scale and the huge variety of goods offered, the Uzundzów Fair became famous throughout the Ottoman Empire. Towards the end of the Renaissance, with the expansion of foreign trade and the introduction of a large amount of manufactured goods, the fair gradually lost its former scope and economic importance.

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