They form part of the accoutrements of a funerary chariot laid near the periphery of the mound, along with a second unadorned chariot, with the skeletons of the four horses and the dog that accompanied the team.

A set of bronze details of a funeral car from a tomb near the village of Svirachi

The set of bronze elements of horse harness and yoke of draft horses was discovered in a burial mound in the area of ​​the village of Svirachi, Ivaylovgrad region, studied under the guidance of Prof. Dr. Gergana Kabakchieva in 2001-2002. They are part of the equipment of a funeral four-wheeler , laid near the periphery of the mound embankment, together with a second undecorated car, with the skeletons of the four horses and the dog that accompanied the team.

The Thracian mound from the Roman era (20st - 25nd centuries) near the village of Svirachi is one of the largest known so far in the Bulgarian lands. The massive ten-stepped stone structure built into its lower half was probably intended as a family tomb for the members of the wealthy aristocratic family who inhabited the nearby Villa Armira. In it were found the cremated remains of a young woman aged about XNUMX-XNUMX years with a very rich inventory, who is supposed to be the wife of the owner of the villa, depicted in the portrait on the floor mosaic in one of the rooms.

The silver appliqués with gilding are masterfully made, the images and decorative elements are rendered in relief, some plastically shaped. Along with the images of characters from the entourage of Dionysus - Silenus, satyr, maenad, and theatrical masks, which are among the most common elements in the decoration of chariots from the Thracian lands, the plates depict heads of the Gorgon Medusa, the goddess Athena, a youth with Phrygian cap and short cloak (Paris?), Charon the boatman, conveying the soul of the dead to the nether realm. The "animal fight" motif depicted on two of the appliqués is particularly popular in Thracian art monuments from the XNUMXth - XNUMXth century BC. Its appearance on the appliqués from the mound near the village of Svirachi is testimony to the long and stable traditions of the old Thracian faith, professed by the representatives of the aristocracy in Thrace in the era when the Balkan lands were already part of the Roman Empire.

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