The weekly of Sophronius Vrachanski

Sophronius Vrachanski, with the secular name Stoiko Vladislavov (1739 – 1813), was a clergyman and revivalist with a revivalist scope, the first follower of the work of Paisius Hilendarski. In 1765, in Kotel, he compiled the earliest transcript of the "History of Slavonic Bulgaria", known today as the First Sophroniev Transcript. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1806-1812, he drew the attention of the Russian government to the Bulgarians by preparing the so-called "Request" to the commander-in-chief of the Russian army for the need to solve the Bulgarian national question. He met with Russian military leaders and assisted in the establishment in June 1811 of the Bulgarian Land Army - the first independent Bulgarian military unit in 400 years.

The weekly, also called "Sofronie" is one of the most popular books among Bulgarians at the beginning of the 94th century. It is the first printed work in the modern Bulgarian language and the only work of Sofroniy printed during his lifetime. It contains a "Heading", 1796 words and teachings, an afterword and two instructions to priests for the rites of baptism and marriage. Sophronius made the interpretations based on the sermons of Archbishop Nikifor Theotokis of the Russian Orthodox Church, author of "Kyriakodromion", published in XNUMX. in Moscow.

The book was printed in 1000 copies in 1806 in Rimnik (now Romania). In order to collect the necessary funds for the printing, Sophronius sent an "Invitation" to wealthy Bulgarians in Romania. He emphasizes the need for printed books in the modern Bulgarian language: "in the spoken Bulgarian language, for the spiritual benefit of Christians, so that every Bulgarian can understand and be guided to the true and right path"

Sophronius' Kyriakodromion had three more editions before the Liberation - in 1856 in Novi Sad, in 1865 in Bucharest and in 1868 in Belgrade, and by 1937 it was reprinted 5 more times. He marks the beginning of the New Bulgarian printed book, but a completely author's contribution to the New Bulgarian literature is the autobiographical text of Sophronius "Life and Sufferings of Erroneous Sophronia", published in 1861 in the "Danube Swan" by G. S. Rakovski. Along with his literary abilities, Sophronius also possessed an artistic gift – he manifested himself as a calligrapher and artist when creating his manuscripts. His famous image in episcopal vestments is considered a self-portrait.

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