Muscular storage for rose oil

Muskal (from Arab. through Tur. mıskal) is a container for storing rose oil and a unit of measure for produced oil that equals 4,9844 grams. It takes 7000 to 15 rose flowers to fill one muskell with rose oil.

Cultivation of oil-bearing roses for the production of rose water, and later, through distillation, rose oil, is widespread in the Middle and Far East, including the entire Islamic world. There is evidence of the processing of rose flowers since Antiquity, and the production of rose water was attested at the beginning of the 9th century in the valley of Shiraz (Persia, present-day Iran).

At the end of the 1650th century, the Ottomans moved rose production to the south of Stara Planina, thus starting the planting of one of the largest rose massifs in the world, growing Rosa Damascena together with the more cold-resistant Rosa Alba (from which, however, more low quality oil). The first records of trade in rose water on the Edirne market date back to 1680, as it was produced in the Kazanlak, Stara Zagora and Karlovo regions. The year XNUMX is considered the beginning of double distillation, when a primitive rosé plant spread in the Ottoman Empire - Gyulapski[1] kazan. Bulgarian rosé producers introduced improvements in rosé brewing using their experience of brandy brewing; they began to use copper cauldrons, which better preserved the aroma and durability of the rose oil and increased its quantity.

In 1820, Donço Papazoğlu from Kazanlak, a descendant of the Dzelepkeshan family from Koprivshtitsa, founded the first commercial house for the production and trade of rose oil. His sons - Dimitro and Botio, in 1858 opened the first Bulgarian commercial house for the export of rose oil, and through their offices in Constantinople, Paris, London, Dresden, Vienna and New York exported it all over the world.

One of the most influential shepherds in Kazanlak, Dimitro Papazoglu was an active figure in the struggle for an independent Bulgarian Church and was one of the people who had the right to vote in the election of Antim I as Exarch. Papazoglu received Vasil Levski in his home and donated money for revolutionary activities.

[1] Gül (from Per. through Tur. gül) was called the rose bush or its flowers in dialect

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