The modern city of Nessebar is located on the coast of the Black Sea, at the northern end of the Burgas Bay. The architectural-historical reserve, known as the Old Town, is located on a rocky peninsula connected to the mainland by a narrow sandy isthmus.

Mesambrian churches

The modern city of Nessebar is located on the coast of the Black Sea, at the northern end of the Burgas Bay. The architectural-historical reserve, known as the Old Town, is located on a rocky peninsula connected to the mainland by a narrow sandy isthmus.
A similar type of wooden calendars are known throughout the Balkan Peninsula, as well as in other European countries. In Bulgaria, raboshes were widely used until the end of the 1897th century, and in some places in the country until the middle of the XNUMXth century. In the photo, rabosh-calendar from XNUMX, made of beech, in the shape of a rectangular stick. Found in the area south of Plovdiv and donated to NIM by Asen Georgiev Lukov.

The city has a rich history, dating back to the XNUMXth century BC. Over the centuries it has been known by its names Mesambria ‒ Mesemvria ‒ Nessebar. Numerous archaeological and architectural monuments testifying to the city's thousand-year past have been studied and preserved within the peninsula. Among them, the dozens of churches built during the Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages are the most famous. Nowadays, part of the architectural heritage of Nessebar is located under the waters of the Black Sea.

The main challenges for preserving the authentic appearance of the Old Town are related to modern construction in the area and the rapidly developing tourist industry along the Bulgarian Black Sea coast.

Since 1983, the Old Town of Nessebar has been included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

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