Inkwell of Petko Slaveikov

Petko Rachov Slaveikov (1827 – 1895) was the founder of modern Bulgarian literature, he wrote in all genres during the Renaissance, creating high examples that became classics: the poem "The Spring of the Whitefoot" (1873) unites the cherished images of the Bulgarian woman, in her birthplace and of the Bulgarian nature, revealing the power of the human spirit to inspire courage in the Bulgarians in their struggle for independence; Slaveykov published the first children's magazine "Bee or a series of books for children" (1871) and was the first to write poems, fairy tales and fables especially for children. In addition to being a poet, writer and teacher, he is also a publicist, translator, philologist, folklorist and memoirist, and after the Liberation, a politician.

These are his words:

"Any authority that moves away from the people falls like a tree cut at the root."
"I know one thing, I admit and confess that everything that is right for the people without the people is not just, not legal."
"Teachers hold the future of the nation in their hands."

Slaveykov's inkstand, which can be seen in the exhibition, is owned by the National Literary Museum "Petko and Pencho Slaveykovi" - Sofia. It is made of metal, with a figure of a blacksmith in the center. It has a symbolic meaning: Slaveykov "forged" the foundations of the modern literary Bulgarian language with his edition of the Bible, published in 1871 and known as The Nightingale Bible. With this publication, Petko Slaveykov affirms the Eastern Bulgarian language as a literary norm, and in his numerous original and translated works he further develops and improves the Bulgarian language, freeing it from the archaic written tradition and connecting it with the lively and colorful vernacular.

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