The first monuments related to the ancient shipping on the Western Black Sea coast entered the collection of the National History Museum in 1978, and in 1987 the first underwater expeditions of the museum began in the water area of ​​the city of Sozopol. They are associated with the discovery of numerous completely preserved anchors and stocks. Thanks to systematic research, the National History Museum has a collection of ancient anchors, stocks and their details. It is the world's richest collection of a museum that is not located on the seashore, and it is constantly replenished (to date, their number is 167).

The highlight of the renewed exposition are two iron cannons (carronades) discovered at the end of 2022 by Dr. Nayden Prahov (Director of the Center for Underwater Archeology - Sozopol) in the area of ​​the village of Ezerets, Shabla Municipality. According to a project financed by the Ministry of Culture, the cannons were transported to the National Museum, preserved and exhibited.

The exposed guns - carronades (from the English "carronade") are short smooth-bore cast-iron naval guns for close combat, popular in European navies from the XNUMXs to the XNUMXs.
This type of cannon is light and relatively simple to service, requiring a small budget (crew). This makes it particularly suitable for wartime armament of merchant ships manned by relatively inexperienced civilian seamen.

The characteristic typological features of the two cannons suggest a dating in the first half of the 1853th century. Although we cannot say for sure from which old ship the carronades from the village of Ezerets originate, we know from historical sources that during the Crimean War (1856-XNUMX d.) in the area of ​​the city of Shabla - the village of Ezerets, as a result of sea currents, dozens of English and French transport ships were shipwrecked, providing the allied British-French-Ottoman landing on the Crimean Peninsula. The relatively small-caliber carronades from Ezerets most likely originated from the defensive armament of one of these transport ships.

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