Hall Early Iron Age 11 century BC – mid 6 century BC. List of all permanent exhibitionsHall 1 - The Bulgarian lands from the beginning of the VI-th millennium BC. until the end of the II-nd millennium BC.Hall 2 – The Bulgarian lands in the period from the end of VI BC. to the XNUMXth century AD.Hall 3 – The Bulgarian state in the Middle Ages VII-XIV centuries.Hall 4 – Bulgarian lands under Ottoman rule (XV-XIX centuries)Hall 5 – Third Bulgarian Kingdom 1878-1946"Antarctica - the Bulgarian ice fairy tale"Hall "Ethnography" - Bulgarian folk culture. Calendar holidays. CostumesDonation Boyan Radev Hall To Exposition and exhibitions Plan a visit Facebook Twitter Messenger Analysis Whatsapp Telegram In the space between halls 1 and 2 of the exposition of the National History Museum, the development of the Bulgarian lands in the period of the Early Iron Age XI century BC - the middle of the VI century BC is traced. It occurred in the Balkan Peninsula with the introduction of iron as the main metal for the production of tools, weapons and, in part, jewelry. The tin crisis at the end of the Bronze Age necessitated the mining and production of iron, although bronze continued to be one of the leading materials in the manufacture of weapons and jewellery. Evidence of mining, metalworking, jewelry, metalwork, and numerous metal products of local origin are evidence of the skills of the Thracian tribes in these areas of production. Depending on the specific geographical features, the livelihood of the local tribes is dominated by agriculture and animal husbandry. Archaeological studies also prove the development of specific crafts such as pottery, leather and woodworking. The processes of social stratification, the disintegration of the tribal community and the growing role of the aristocracy in state-education trends, inherited from the previous period, reached a complete form by the middle of the XNUMXst millennium BC. A clear expression of them can be observed as early as the XNUMXth - XNUMXth centuries BC, when findings were found proving a deep social difference in the society of the local tribes. The appearance of rich grave complexes, such as the symbolic burial from the area of the village of Belish, commune. Troyan from the end of the XNUMXth - the beginning of the XNUMXth century BC. is evidence of the formation of a leading layer with high material capabilities. The apparent power of the military aristocracy at the end of the Early Iron Age led to intertribal conflicts and the creation of the first Thracian state organizations. From the ancient Greek sources we obtain information about their existence in four main areas: the first is located in the lands east of Hebros (river Maritsa) and is associated with the ethnonym Thracians, the second is located in the lands east of Nestos (river Mesta), inhabited of the kikones centered on the mythical Ismar (ancient Maroneia), the third is placed in the lands on both sides of the lower reaches of the Strymon river (Struma river), where the peons live, and the fourth around the lands along the lower reaches of the Istros river (Danube river ), known for the dwellings of the Geths. At the end of the considered period, ancient Greek historians mention the ethnonym of the Odris, who during the Late Iron Age created one of the largest kingdoms (basilea) in Southeastern Europe. Read the whole text During the Early Iron Age, the so-called megalithic culture flourished in the Thracian territories, which manifested itself in the construction of rock sanctuaries, monumental cult monuments such as dolmens, cromlechs and menhirs documented archaeologically mainly in the mountainous regions of the South-Eastern Balkans. Relations with neighboring territories also had a great impact on the formation of Thracian culture. The so-called community of Early Iron Age Geometric style cultures spread over the entire eastern Mediterranean area and included the lands of Thrace. The richly decorated ceramic vessels, ornaments and plastic found in today's Bulgarian lands are clear evidence of the contacts of the Thracian tribes with the civilizations of the eastern Mediterranean. Until the arrival of the Greek settlers along the Black Sea, the sources speak of the so-called Thracian thalassocracy ("dominion by sea"), proof that the local Thracian population on the shores of the Euxine Pontus knew how to use vessels to exploit the sea spaces. Communications by sea make the western Black Sea a contact zone with Mediterranean civilizations and peoples. At the end of the Early Iron Age, the process of colonization of the shores of the Black Sea by sailors and merchants from Miletus, Byzantium, Chalcedon, Megara and other ancient Greek centers began, which led to the creation of their first coastal colonies. Remains of early Greek settlements were discovered along the Bulgarian Black Sea coast, the most famous of which are: Krunoi (later Dionysopolis near modern Balchik), Odessos (modern Varna), Mesambria (modern Nessebar), Atia (on the eponymous peninsula in the Burgas Bay) and Apolonia (now Sozopol). The columns arise in most cases on the remains of old Thracian settlements. This process and the gradual penetration into the interior of the Thracian lands led to the creation of centers such as: Koprivlen, Pistiros, Dabnitsa, etc. This is a prerequisite for mixing traditional Thracian culture with classical Hellenic culture. Applications and hardware, gold village of Novo selo, Plovdiv, VIII - VII centuries BC Hr. Applications and hardware, gold village of Novo selo, Plovdiv, VIII - VII centuries BC Hr. Gifts of symbolic burial Belish village, Troyan municipality, end of the XNUMXth - beginning of the XNUMXth century BC. Figurine of a deer, bronze, VII - VI century BC. Hr. Applications and hardware, gold village of Novo selo, Plovdiv, VIII - VII centuries BC Hr. Applications and hardware, gold village of Novo selo, Plovdiv, VIII - VII centuries BC Hr. Spear head, iron with bronze fittings New village, Plovdiv, VIII - VII century BC Fibula, bronze, XNUMXth – XNUMXth century BC Hr. whether you wish to know about American history or culture, our museum has it all covered. You'll enjoy every bit of your trip. Fibula, bronze, XNUMXth – XNUMXth century BC Hr.