Another successful archaeological season for the National History Museum
Today, January 30, 2024, in the presence of the Vice President of the Republic of Bulgaria, Mrs. Iliyana Yotova, the Deputy Minister of Culture, Mrs. Amelia Gesheva and the Mayor of Vitosha region, Arch. Zarko Klinkov, for the fifth year in a row, the National History Museum officially presented to the general public the archaeological achievements of the museum's researchers.
The exhibition "Ancient finds. New discoveries. Archaeological Season 2023.” presents 227 archaeological finds discovered under the scientific guidance of the director of the museum Assoc. Dr. Bonni Petrunova, Prof. Dr. Ivan Hristov, Ch. assistant professor Mariela Inkova, PhD student Violina Kiryakova, Martin Hristov, Pavlina Devlova, Iliya Kirov, Mikhail Vaklinov, Elena Endarova and their teams.
The past archaeological season in 2023 was extremely successful for the National History Museum. The discoveries made are a large amount of objects from people's everyday life, providing us with a glimpse into the nature of life in the lands that we call "Bulgarian" today, spanning almost all archaeological periods from prehistory to the Middle Ages in the Bulgarian lands.
Archaeologists from the National History Museum conducted archaeological field investigations at fifteen sites. The studies were carried out with the financial support of the Ministry of Culture, the National History Museum, funds from the "Culture" program of the Metropolitan Municipality and local municipalities, as well as thanks to private donors. The studied sites are scattered all over the country - from the Rhodope Mountains through Sakar to the Black Sea coast, including Vitosha, Plana Planina and the Thracian Plain. Excavation of a new site in the Danube Plain also began this year. The archaeological sites are of different nature - ancient and medieval fortresses and settlements from different periods.
As a result of the regular archaeological excavations of the Ancient Fortress "Ravadinovo" in the period 2017-2023, evidence of a well-fortified site that existed on the territory of the Greek colony of Apollonia Pontica (now the city of Sozopol) was discovered and documented. The most widely discovered material are the amphorae from Thasos, the Thasos circle, Chios, Mende, Miletus (dated between the first half of the XNUMXth century BC and the XNUMXrd century BC). Another highlight among the finds are the coins minted in Aponolia Pontica.
Near it, during rescue excavations at 7 Albatros Street in the city of Sozopol, Skamni Peninsula, Pavlina Devlova excavated a hitherto unknown part of the ancient city of Apollonia Pontica. As the main highlights of the discoveries, several small cult votive figurines representing parts of the human body can be found. It was on this site that the blue bead was discovered, which subsequently became the emblem of this year's exhibition.
Another interesting highlight in this year's exhibition "Ancient finds. New discoveries. Archaeological Season 2023." are the discoveries made during the regular archaeological investigations of the medieval fortress near the town of Yakoruda, region Blagoevgrad. The main emphasis of the researcher ch. Assistant Dr. Mariela Inkova were several fragments of tiles on which prints of a child's foot were found, as well as traces of animals.
One of the very interesting archaeological studies is related to underwater research in the water area of Burgas and the region. Under the guidance of the deputy director of the museum, Prof. Ivan Hristov, the early Byzantine fortress Chrysosotira near the town of Chernomorets was examined. Prof. Hristov also conducted research in the water area around Kamchia Peninsula. An interesting highlight was the tin ingot discovered there, mined in the Roman mines of the Cornwall peninsula, Great Britain - another proof of the distant trade connections of the population that inhabited our lands.
And this summer, the archaeological excavations of the magnificent medieval capital of the Dobrudja Despotate - Kaliakra, led by Assoc. Dr. Bonni Petrunova, director of the National History Museum, proved that the northern Black Sea coast is an irreplaceable part of the rich cultural heritage of the country with a long and history rich in finds.
The exhibition, entitled "Ancient finds. New discoveries. Archaeological Season 2023”, with curator ch. Assistant Professor Petranka Nedelcheva, Head of the "Exhibition and International Activities" Department at the National Museum of Natural History is available to the public until the beginning of April 2024. в Hall for temporary exhibitions on the third floor of the museum.