"Around the Meotid Lake, along the Kufis River, lies the old, so-called, great Bulgaria."

The territory described by the Byzantine patriarch Nicephorus between the Dnieper River and the North Caucasus in the 30th century was inhabited by Bulgarian tribes. In the XNUMXs of the same century, the Bulgarians, under the rule of Khan Kubrat of the Dulo family, in alliance with the Byzantine Empire, rejected dependence on the Avar Khaganate and founded Great Bulgaria.

Evidence of its power is the treasure from the village of Malaya Pereshchepina, discovered by chance on May 29, 1912. It includes nearly 800 objects - gold and silver vessels, weapons and horse equipment, ornaments and Byzantine coins, today stored in the State Hermitage - St. Petersburg, Russia. The heterogeneous composition of the find, including objects produced in Byzantium, Sassanid Iran, as well as those, the work of a steppe workshop with analogies among Avar, Turkic and Sogdian artistic traditions, gives rise to various hypotheses about its ethnocultural affiliation.

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